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First Georgian in NASA – Young Physicist’s International Successes

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The distance from Akhaltsikhe [town in Georgia’s southwestern region] to the United States is quite far, but the desire, hard work and constant aspiration to development prove that the distance is just numbers and everyone can make his/her dream true.

When he was 10th grader, KarloKhutsishvili, together with his friends developed an innovative device – Multiclimatizator, which makes it easier for farmers to do their work and make interesting forecasts. This multifunctional and innovative project has brought an international success to the young inventor.

19-year-old KarloKhutsishvili is the first Georgian who stepped into NASA’s US space agency. The Georgian student’s invention overcame the oceans and gained a great success and recognition in the international arena.

But everything started much earlier, when Karlo’s attention was drawn to the green scheme in a broken electrolyte. It took Karlo a long time to study the components of the scheme and to develop the similar one. Initially, he failed to achieve success as it appeared impossible to find the similar components, but later, an unexpected occasion – a man from the TV Service Center changed everything. The work, started with a green scheme resulted in “Tesla” transformer. This is the device that enables wireless ON/OFF operations on light bulbs from a few meters away. This device has a special plasma that allows carrying out various tests.

Then there were lots of local and international competitions, prizes, more recognition and stimulation for future scientific activities.

Currently, the young Georgian physicist has more than 10 inventions, he has won prizes and gained victories. In the future, he plans to improve his activities and patent his inventions.

Apart from the scientific activities, KarloKhutsishvili is fond of sports, he likes listening to classical music and playing drums.

In his interview with “Doctrina” Karlo spoke about the challenges of his work, about his projects, which are not only of scientific but also of social significance, and aim to satisfy the needs of the society and to improve their living conditions.

– Tell us about some of your projects, why are they innovative?

-One of my successful projects is the electromagnetic weapon. The device throws a metal piece, placed in it, over a long distance, so there is no need for bullets. My friends and I presented this invention to the competition and the project was widely approved.

I would like to speak about my school project– Jakob’s Ladder, which reflects various events, a static gap as well as a spark gap and etc. This invention brought me victory and a great success.

What about the Multiclimatizator, which brought you the greatest international success and the possibility to visit NASA?

-This is an innovative device used in the agricultural field and is very useful for farmers. Multiclimatizator is mainly used by farmers. They use the device to learn about the land humidity, temperature, climate, and predictions about expected weather. Multiclimatizatoralso enables the farmer to check and control the composition of the plants. It is multifunctional and is charged by a solar power.

– This invention brought my partner and I victory at the Millennium Innovation Competition throughout Georgia, and after that we left forNASA’s Kennedy Space Center. I met with a lot of scientists, inventors and astronauts there and got a lot of experience, which gave me more motivation for my scientific work.

-Tell us about your other international successes and their importance for your career development…

– I participated in the international Olympiads quite often and in most cases, successfully.

One of such inventions was the “Axero Glove “, which enables users to manage different devices. I have represented my country with this project to the International Olympiad successfully.

I have implemented an innovative project together with my sister –unmanned mine cleaner – “Life Saver”. This is a special program downloaded in iPad, which contains a map and provides information about mined areas.  We have two drones, one of them checks the area and marks the places where the mine is discovered and the second one, which conducts mine clearance works on the territory. This invention won the first prize at IPO [International Philosophy Olympiad].

Following the success, I was invited to the Komarov school, where I was offered to teach robotics.

-Some of your inventions are not only of scientific, but also of social importance.  Tell us about them…

-From childhood,I was interested in the lives of people in wheelchairs and the problems of these people. I have friends, who use wheelchairs and together with them I have developed an electric wheel that weighs much less than other wheelchairs and thus makes it faster and easier to move. The wheelchair also has a touch screen system that allows blind people to use it.

Our [country’s] environmental is often not adapted for wheelchair users. We often see the cars parked on the wheelchair ramps or other wheelchair accessible spaces occupied by non-disabled users. In order to solve this problem, I have created a special device that is obstacles for vehicles and hinders them to occupy the parking lots, which are accessible for wheelchair users. You will need a special card to overcome this obstacle.

-What is your current job?

-I have students and teach them using innovative methods.  We work on various projects together and I help them to participate in Olympiads.

– I think the scientific field needs more careand support in our country. I try to promote the development of this field with my active work and to make it more interesting.

-What is your formula to success ?

-The motto of my life is behind all my successes and it helps me to overcome all difficulties – Nothing is Impossible!

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GEORGIAinnovationphysics

Distance measuring robot from Georgia – Invention by 13-year-old pupil  

გამოგოება ქუთაისი

Different expeditions, research works or construction activities require a great deal of caution because it is associated with many risks and threats. There is a great need for studying and exploring caves in historic city of Kutaisi. Pupils from the city have created a device, which is essential for their different types of research activities. The device was greatly appreciated and became the winner of the young inventors competition “Leonardo da Vinci” last year.

The distance measuring robot is a remote control robot created by Iona Iobadze and his partner Giorgi Urotadze. The device is controlled using tablet, phone or other electronic device.

The main feature of the invention is measurement of trajectory of curve, for example, the measurement of the circumference. The robot is controlled remotely, and therefore an observer who uses it at the heights, cave or other hazardous site, is absolutely protected from accident.

That’s why – the robot has a very practical use and has caused a lot of interest because of its many functions.

The inventor of the device is 13-year-old Iona Iobidze. He studies at Kutaisi Georgian-American School “Progress” and is interested in the scientific activities. He is fond of Maths, Chemistry and Physics. In his free time he listens to the music. Iona likes reading fantasy literature and is often involved in the intellectual game- “What? Where? When?”

The inventors had been working on the robot  prototype for almost one year along with Mentor David Songhulashvili and the STEM teacher Uta Kilasonia.

Iona Iobadze spoke difficulties of the working processes and his own projects in his interview with “Doctrina”.

-When and why did you get interested in scientific activities ?

2 years ago, STEM launched in “Progress” school. I  became interested in it and decided to join the courses. It helped me to realize myself and to implement the project idea in reality.

– Tell us about your invention and what are its functions?

The function of the invention is to measure any kind of distance with great accuracy, in the least amount of time without human resources and great energy.

Perhaps you have seen a group of architects in the streets who tried to measure some stretch of the street using a curvemeter. But it should be noted that doing it with a curvemeter takes a lot of energy and time. Our idea aims to simplify and reduce a physical labor of humans.

-What are the difficulties facing you during the working process?

Of course, there were some delays during the work, but these small delays did not stop the development of the project and achievement of the final result.

– What makes your invention unique?

The invention is unique as it’s much more developed than its predecessor. The robot is controlled remotely and can implement the function of curvemeter or other devices. It can map unexplored places (cave or crevices) simplifying the research process. At the same time, it will enusre avoiding the risk facing human life in certain situations. The robot can make the distance measuring process much more accurate, easier and safe for humans.

– What about your current projects and future plans?

– Yes, I work on several projects currently, but I refrain from disclosing information  at this stage.

Author: Ana Urushadze
Translation: Tamar Tabatadze
The Hall of Young Scientists & Analysts – “Doctrina”

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educationGEORGIAphysics

Gela Patashuri – First Year Physics Student, Teacher and Successful Participant of International Olympiads

გელა პატაშური ფიზიკოსი

Gela Patashuri is the first-year student at the Faculty of Exact and Natural Sciences of Tbilisi State University. He is one of the founders and managers of GePhO (Georgian Physics Olympiad) and is also a winner of many international Olympiads in physics.

Currently, Gela Patashuri is involved in many projects and activities. He discussed these projects and activities in his interview with “Doctrina”.

-Gela, you became known for society within the framework of the “Innovative Online Project”, where you are invited teacher of physics. Tell us about your professional activities.

– The “Innovative Online Project” is a very important project by one of the American businessmen that is being implemented in Georgia. The project was created two years ago and offers educational video lectures, which are distinguished by its original “transparent noticeboard”. The board makes the lectures easier and more convenient for the listeners. Unfortunately, less attention is paid to the technical subjects in Georgia, the project aims to help eliminate this problem and I try to contribute to this.

At the same time, I’m a tutor of physics at Vekua School and the teacher of the Astronomy and Astrophysics circle at Komarovi School, although it is difficult to combine everything together.  I am glad that I share my experience and knowledge with others and help them to achieve success. Besides that, I am getting a lot of experience, learning to speak, to express my opinion, to have a right speech, and through the questions, asked by the children, I look more deeply into physics matters.

– In addition to bringing fame to us at many international Olympiads, you have translated Physics Problem Books by Savchenko, translating process requires more knowledge and experience. Why have you decided to make this step?

– At Komarovi School we use this book for preparing for the National and Physical Olympiad. This book teaches us the methods of solving challenging tasks, but most of the children do not know Russian language, therefore it is difficult to solve Savchenko’s physics problems independently. In addition, in my opinion, such an important book should be translated into Georgian, so this summer I was translating this book and was working on the design. The original chapters of the book were translated by Razmadze school in Kutaisi, and I translated a large part of it, and finally, when I was extremely tired, I made a six-person group of my friends from Komarovi School and we have successfully translated the whole material together. I’m sure this book will help children and teachers and make the learning process easier for them.

-Physics is not so often the favorite subject of children, tell us when did you become interested in this field and what are your future plans?

– I was a lazy student in my childhood and performed poorly at school until I did not break my foot when I was in the sixth grade and had to stay home for a few months. During this period I started reading books, which completely cut me off from my old life and rose my curiosity. This interest was so strong that I totally forgot those around me. The only sensible thing was thinking about the existence of the universe, existence of human and existence or non-existence of God. We started studying physics in the eighth grade, I remember the first lesson. The teacher explained the matters to physics, and I could not stay out of surprise. I felt I was ready to devote myself to thinking about these issues. When the lesson ended, I had already decided to become a physicist. In the ninth grade I was enrolled in Komarovi School. This school, along with the higher level of physics, allowed me to participate in the International Olympiads, where I found a lot of interested pupils and got great professional and life experience.

As for future plans, I would like to be a creative scientist who will be able to gain not only knowledge but will think about contemporary unresolved issues, will think about findings and leave his traces in the history of mankind. This is my future profession and this is my future goal.

 

Author: Tamar Devdariani

Translation: Tamar Tabatadze

The Hall of Young Scientists & Analysts – “Doctrina”

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GEORGIAphysics

19-year-old Student Preparing Georgian Pupils for International Young Physicists’ Tournament

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V. Komarovi Tbilisi physics and mathematics N 199 public school has actively been preparing for the International Young Physicists’ Tournament (IYPT) for several months.

It should be noted that 19-year-old student Giorgi Tsereteli trains the Georgian school students for the responsible tournament.

The young physicist spoke about his activities in his interview with “Doctrina”.

Currently, Giorgi is a second-year student of the department of physics at Free University of Tbilisi. He showed a great interest in physics at an early age and has won a lot of prizes. For example : when he was a twelfth grade pupil, he became a member of the Georgian Olympic Team in Physics. Due to this fact Giorgi was enrolled in the University without requiring to take exams.  Since that time the young physicist has actively been participating in various conferences. Giorgi Tsereteli participated in Kakha Bendukidze Annual Conference on Physics this year and together with several other students he will participate in the International Conference of Physics Students that takes place in Turin, Italy on August 7-14.

Due to their experience in this field Giorgi and his friends have won a national tournament, too. Komarovi physics and mathematics N 199 public school asked Giorgi to lead the laboratory team. “It is incredibly pleased when I see how much progress our children make. The school has a relatively new and high-tech lab and together with the school students we are establishing much more interesting and diverse approach towards physics problems,” – Giorgi said.

This year tournament takes place in Singapore in mid-June and five participants, one trainer and one member of the international committee are taking part in it. However, the team has not been composed yet.

Giorgi Tsereteli and the pupils have solved a lot of physics problems. For example: if you pour honey or any other sticky liquid (for example, shampoo) from height, it makes coils (see : picture I). The pupils were tasked to learn the reason of this process. In addition, the pupils are currently working on the device giving the visualization of air density (see: picture II). It should be emphasized that the greatest problem the young students facing in this field, including technical or financing problems, goes beyond their capabilities.

“Very often there is the problem related to funding of the team participating in the national or international tournaments. Sometimes, schools provide us with funding, sometime we are funded by the City Hall or universities, however, I cannot say that the situation is stable. In addition, there is not a great number of schools willing to participate in the scientific tournament, despite the fact that any 15-year-old child is able to participate in it,” – Giorgi Tsereteli said.

 

Author:  Tamar Devdariani

Translation: Tamar Tabatadze

 The Hall of Young Scientists & Analysts – “Doctrina”

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GEORGIAphysics

What is Time?

გია დვალი

There is no unambiguous answer to this question, but there is a lot of speculation. Do we need time to feel and describe reality? Is time travel possible?

“Time is the parameter for describing the reality. People perceive themselves in space and time, therefore, our sense organs perceive the three spatial dimensions: length, width and height. However, according to some suggestions, there is the fourth dimension [of space] and it is time,” – famous Georgian physicist Gia Dvali has said. Currently, he is a professor of theoretical physics at New-York University and Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität in Munich, he is also the Director at Max Planck Institute of Physics and the CERN (the European Organization for Nuclear Research) scientist.

One of the founders of classical physics, Isaac Newton considered that there was no connection between space and time and generally, space is absolute. According to Newton’s law, time is invariable and flows equably without relation to anything external. Newton’s view on time and space is opposed by Albert Einstein’s theory of relativity, saying space has three dimensions, and the fourth dimension is time. This system of ideas has changed the fundamental views of the classical physics on space and time and their ties with the matter.

Physicist Gia Dvali notes that there is acceleration or deceleration of relative time – what does this mean? for example, the well-known “twin paradox”, one of whom makes a journey into space in a high-speed rocket (close to the speed of light, which is approximately 300 000 km /s), when he returns home he finds out that the twin who remained on Earth has aged more. It happened because of the time dilation, it’s an ordinary physical effect, which has been verified experimentally.

Deceleration and acceleration in different parts of the space occur due to gravity. If we come close to the black hole, our biological clock will slow down, because the area of the gravitational field is very strong. Scientists say the nuclear fuel can be exhausted in the solar core and everything can be absorbed due to the gravity. People have long been asking: is it possible to travel through time? As it was mentioned in the example of the twin paradox, it turns out that the theory of relativity makes possibility of time travel to the future. As for the travel to the past, many scientists believe that this is impossible. There will be the cause and effect problem here, for example, they are talking about the “grandfather paradox,” it is a paradox of time travel in which inconsistencies emerge through changing the past. The name comes from the paradox’s common description as a person who travels to the past and kills his/her own grandfather, preventing the existence of his/her father and therefore his/her own existence. British physicist Stephen Hawking has said that the fundamental laws of the nature rule out possibility of such travel. Georgian physicist Gia Dvali says : “I can sit in the spacecraft,  travel at light speed, then return back and I’ll appear in the far future because my biological clock runs more slowly and a thousand years pass on the earth. But I cannot come back. As for the travel to the past, I can tell you that it is impossible, because it does not gives us the self-coherence, by traveling to the past, you could change the present, while the nature does not like paradoxes.”

It should be noted that each individual perceive the flow of time differently. It flows slowly or quickly. Time perception depends on various factors, for example: psychological development, health condition, temperament, metabolism, age. Apart from a lot of theories and experiments, it is believed that time only exists in the human mind and does not exist independently. Humans have the demand of measuring time in general. That is why they have developed various time measuring devices, including the water, sun, sand, digital and mechanical clocks. The fact is that it is possible to measure the time and humans need it to establish order.

 

Author: Nini Mshvenieridze

Translation: Tamar Tabatadze

 The Hall of Young Scientists & Analysts – “Doctrina”

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