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Georgian Writer who Becomes Bestseller Author in US

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In 1921, before the Soviet regime was established, a 19-20 year old soldier sailed from the port of Batumi to Constantinople. Unexplained ways of life brought him from Constantinople to America, a dreamland where his life has turned into a great tale.
The soldier was named George (Giorgi) Papashvili, and later his English-language book, Anything Can Happen, about Georgia and emigration, became a bestseller in America in the 40’s and 1, 5 million copies of the book were sold worldwide. The book has been translated into 15 languages and in 1950, George Papashvili was included in the list of America’s 50 Favorite Literatures along with Jack London, Eugene O’Neill, Faulkner, Hemingway and other writers. Under the same title, a film, directed by well-known Director George Seaton, was made at Hollywood in 1952. The film was awarded the “Gold Globe” at a film festival in Los Angeles, California, in the nomination “Best Film Promoting International Understanding”.
The book tells about Papashvili’s native village Kobiantkari, his relatives, emigration, the reality of self-assertion by immigrants in America – and he tells about it lightly and amusingly.
George Papashvili has been little- known in Georgia so far. His writings have not even been considered immigrant literature, all American editions mention him as an “American writer and sculptor of Georgian origin.”
Anything Can Happen was translated into Georgian in the 60s by Andukafar Cheishvili, but the book was not available to everyone due to a small run of the book.
“Unknown George (Giorgi) Papashvili” – by Rusudan Nishnianidze, Iv. Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University Professor, is the first two-volume work about Papashvili. The author has published it after she thoroughly studied a special collection of George and Helen White Papashvilis at Lehigh University in in Pennsylvania, the US, where this unique archive is preserved.
Rusudan Nishnianidze tells us about George Papashvili’s works:
Anything Can Happen
The author recalls Georgia, its habits, he writes about everything – whatever he likes and dislikes in America. Here you will find stories of how emigrants behave and how Giorgi himself behaves in the US. George is the main protagonist who lives with Russian emigrants.
In Munich, I saw this book translated into Russian. In the Soviet era, the translator removed 9 out of 20 chapters, describing the life of Russian emigrants in America.
It was a “masterful” measure of the Soviet security services – the book was translated, but in a way that no one liked, and no interest appeared in the author.
The film was awarded the Golden Globe for the nomination : a Film Promoting the International Consent. The film was directed by the famous George Seaton, whose films have been nominated numerous times for the American Film Academy Award.
“George Papashvili has left us something more than anything else – he has shared the true meaning of friendship, compassion, unity, and love,” film’s director Gorge Seaton said while speaking at George Papashvili’s funeral.

George Papashvili – sculptor
George Papashvili was a great gsculptor. His works were exhibited at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, the University of Philadelphia, and etc.
Arthur Stenius, who owned a large documentary corporation in the US, made a documentary on Papashvili called “Beauty in the Stone.”
Their estate, located in the state of Pennsylvania, consisted of hunting grounds, forests, and springs. Behind it there were Granite Mountains, from where the sculptor brought material and made sculptures in his workshop.
Stenius’ documentary about George Papashvili is kept at the University of Wayne in Detroit.
George and Helen White Papashvilis are the authors of the works : “Yeah and No”, “Home, and Home Again “, “Russian (World) Culinary”, “Thank to Noah” and “Dogs and Humans.”
I worked at the Paris-Lavelle and Harvard archives several years ago and it was a great professional experience for me. In various archives, George Papashvili’s name was repeatedly mentioned in an interesting context and it means that he was a very successful Georgian man. I started collecting information about him, contacted various archives in America, I received a letter from Pennsylvania, saying they would open a special collection of Papashvilis if I arrived on the ground for the research. In the same year, in 2012, I did not miss my chance and left for the US on a scientific trip. My two-volume book- “Georgia before Saman … and beyond Saman…” – was exhibited at the demonstration hall of Congress. These books were mainly a study of the texts written by the Georgian migrants in Europe.
Georgian authors in Europe wrote mostly for Georgian readers. While Papashvili’s texts were written in English. Nobody knew young Papashvili who left Georgia. In his memories Giorgi Papashvili writes that when he arrived in America he used a sign language “to talk to America”, since he did not know English.
The book “Anything Can Happen” was first published in the United States in 1944, before it, the book had been published in separate chapters in The Commune Ground, then the book was published three times : in October, November and December. In 1945, “Anything Can Happen” was recognized as a bestseller. I have seen over 600 reviews and literary letters in the archive, which I think is a very serious feedback. The translations of main and significant part of those reviews and letters are presented in my book. It was another proof that Georgia has lost a great man. Many talented Georgians were forced to leave the country in those years.
George’s wife, Helen, was a very educated woman. She studied at the University of Berkeley and was the author of several books. She recorded the Georgian-American stories told by George. The Soviet press wrote that Anything can happen was not Papashvili’s story and as if Helen wrote the book, but it is impossible for an American woman to know about Kobiantkari, Khevsureti, Georgian people in general, Khinkali and etc. Anything can happen, but not so much!
Thank to Noah is the book about pets for kids. The book was translated into Georgian by Mr. Andukafar Cheishvili.
I wanted some chapters of this text to be included in Georgian textbooks. I was pleasantly surprised when I saw in the archive the book was compulsory in 250 American high schools. It seems the American education system and I had the same opinion over this issue.
Home, and Home Again is the latest book by George Papashvily and Helen. 73,000 copies of the book were printed, though it failed to become a bestseller like the first book.
Papashvili arrived in Georgia in 1961 and was offered to stay with his wife here, but he refused: “I can’t stay, my ‘home’, my job, my life is already in the United States”, he said.
George Papashvili, who has been little-known in Georgia so far, died in 1978 at the age of 80 and is buried in Pennsylvania.

The Hall of Young Scientists & Analysts – “Doctrina”

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GEORGIAinnovationTechnology

Georgian startup develops fireproof uniform for firefighters

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Elon Musk’s plan to launch a manned mission to land on Mars pushed  the Georgian startuppers to develop a suit for astronauts. While working on the suit, a completely new idea emerged. Vamekh Kherkheulidze and Giorgi Gabarashvili started to produce , high-tech, fire-proof suits for firefighters.

Doctrima.ge interviewed Vamekh Kherkheulidze about the advantages and uniqueness of the product as well as about the future plans of the two startuppers.

As far as we know, you are a doctor, what made you interested in engineering?

I was interested in engineering since my childhood, I wondered how the world worked. I chose medicine because I was attracted to biological engineering and I wanted to study this field well. I worked as a practicing physician in Israel for 2 years. Now I have returned  and I am preparing to get a license. In Israel, I gained courage and decided to set foot in a new world that has always been very attractive to me.

Please, tell us about the Elven Technologies, how and why did you come up with this idea?

 

This idea has been existed since 2013. The first thought that something like this could happen emerged while working in Israel, where it was very hot in summer. Consequently, I was often worried by the fact that people do not yet have a suit that would cool or warm us. I thought it was easy to make such a suit because the technology already existed. So I decided to try it, and I made the first handcrafted vest. It worked! After that Giorgi (Gabarashvili – technical director / founder) got involved in the case. Giorgi mainly performs electrical and the cooling system related works. We’ve been working so for 1 year, used to contact each other via Skype once a week, and to exchange views. We knew the cooling system would work, but we did not know how to use it.

 

Then, SpaceX was establishing itself as a market leader and a successful company. Elon Musk announced that the first person would fly to Mars in 2024. That was what motivated us. Many state or private companies are preparing for the Mars mission. However, this includes improving missiles, fuel and living conditions. There is no any private company, working on a Mars space suit. However, it is clear that existing space suits will not take us to Mars. And we came to the idea – let’s create a Mars suit!

 

Then we launched the learning phase – we were reading everything about space suits, and we found it was not as easy as it seemed. Meanwhile, the startup is business, startup needs to have sales and revenue that need a good business plan. Consequently, we decided to receive the experience by developing the easier suit and to launch the Mars suit later. After much thought, market analysis, talking to potential customers, and most importantly, after we realized the challenges facing fire protection system, we decided that our first product would be a fireman’s suit.

What products are you developing now? Tell us about your products

Currently, we are working on a fireman’s suit, which is equipped with an internal cooling system. Firefighters existed suits are heavy and uncomfortable to use and protect firefighters from direct flames for just a few seconds. Our prototypes are up to eight times  more resistant to the direct flame until the internal temperature of the suit rises, but in this case a cooling system is switched on, which cools the whole body (if needed) as well as the part of the body, where the suit is flared. Accordingly, the firefighter is completely protected from direct flames and overheating, which is one of the main causes of firefighter injuries and deaths.

What materials and technology are used for making your products and what are their benefits?

We will soon begin testing the parts of the suit according to the world standards. It will help our products to enter the global market. The suit consists of two parts: 1. External, fireproof layer, and 2. Cooling system.

 

According to the current experiments, the fireproof layer protects 8 times better from direct glass and temperature than the suits, which exist in the market today, but in all our tests (fireproof, temperature-resistant, waterproof, bio-resistant) we should have at least 2 times better results than existing suits.

 

What are your future plans?

Our plans for the nearest future are to finish the work on the suits for firefighters and to start first sales. We are focused on this now.

According to our plans, we will begin our first sales in 2020, and enter the big market in 2021. We are planning a major breakthrough in the Personal Protection Equipment (PPE) industry. We plan to enter the American, European and Asian markets, as our product should have a devastating effect on the market.

From 2021, Elven Technologies should have enough revenue to continue working on Mars suits.

In order to achieve this, we need to invest $ 1 million and we are actively working to obtain this amount of money.

 

As we know, your goal is the first person on Mars to wear a space suit made in Georgia. What have you done in this regard for the time being?

The Mars suit is our nearest, major goal. We plan to finish our work on the Mars suit in 2024-2025. It is possible to fly to Mars once every 2 years. According to Elon Musk’s plan, SpaceX will fly to Mars in 2024, but none of Musk’s projects have been implemented within the first deadline. And the second deadline will be in 2026.

The Mars mission is the most important step in the history of mankind! Mars will be the first planet a human will set foot. We sincerely wish to make contribution to this great goal.

Currently, working on a firefighter’s suit gives us the experience. It involves the technology of a space suit, which is the part of the Mars suit. Consequently, after we finish the work on the firefighter’s suit, we will have done 20-30% of the Mars suit. The next step is Mars.

 

The Hall of Young Scientists & Analysts – “Doctrina”

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educationGEORGIAphysics

First Georgian in NASA – Young Physicist’s International Successes

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The distance from Akhaltsikhe [town in Georgia’s southwestern region] to the United States is quite far, but the desire, hard work and constant aspiration to development prove that the distance is just numbers and everyone can make his/her dream true.

When he was 10th grader, KarloKhutsishvili, together with his friends developed an innovative device – Multiclimatizator, which makes it easier for farmers to do their work and make interesting forecasts. This multifunctional and innovative project has brought an international success to the young inventor.

19-year-old KarloKhutsishvili is the first Georgian who stepped into NASA’s US space agency. The Georgian student’s invention overcame the oceans and gained a great success and recognition in the international arena.

But everything started much earlier, when Karlo’s attention was drawn to the green scheme in a broken electrolyte. It took Karlo a long time to study the components of the scheme and to develop the similar one. Initially, he failed to achieve success as it appeared impossible to find the similar components, but later, an unexpected occasion – a man from the TV Service Center changed everything. The work, started with a green scheme resulted in “Tesla” transformer. This is the device that enables wireless ON/OFF operations on light bulbs from a few meters away. This device has a special plasma that allows carrying out various tests.

Then there were lots of local and international competitions, prizes, more recognition and stimulation for future scientific activities.

Currently, the young Georgian physicist has more than 10 inventions, he has won prizes and gained victories. In the future, he plans to improve his activities and patent his inventions.

Apart from the scientific activities, KarloKhutsishvili is fond of sports, he likes listening to classical music and playing drums.

In his interview with “Doctrina” Karlo spoke about the challenges of his work, about his projects, which are not only of scientific but also of social significance, and aim to satisfy the needs of the society and to improve their living conditions.

– Tell us about some of your projects, why are they innovative?

-One of my successful projects is the electromagnetic weapon. The device throws a metal piece, placed in it, over a long distance, so there is no need for bullets. My friends and I presented this invention to the competition and the project was widely approved.

I would like to speak about my school project– Jakob’s Ladder, which reflects various events, a static gap as well as a spark gap and etc. This invention brought me victory and a great success.

What about the Multiclimatizator, which brought you the greatest international success and the possibility to visit NASA?

-This is an innovative device used in the agricultural field and is very useful for farmers. Multiclimatizator is mainly used by farmers. They use the device to learn about the land humidity, temperature, climate, and predictions about expected weather. Multiclimatizatoralso enables the farmer to check and control the composition of the plants. It is multifunctional and is charged by a solar power.

– This invention brought my partner and I victory at the Millennium Innovation Competition throughout Georgia, and after that we left forNASA’s Kennedy Space Center. I met with a lot of scientists, inventors and astronauts there and got a lot of experience, which gave me more motivation for my scientific work.

-Tell us about your other international successes and their importance for your career development…

– I participated in the international Olympiads quite often and in most cases, successfully.

One of such inventions was the “Axero Glove “, which enables users to manage different devices. I have represented my country with this project to the International Olympiad successfully.

I have implemented an innovative project together with my sister –unmanned mine cleaner – “Life Saver”. This is a special program downloaded in iPad, which contains a map and provides information about mined areas.  We have two drones, one of them checks the area and marks the places where the mine is discovered and the second one, which conducts mine clearance works on the territory. This invention won the first prize at IPO [International Philosophy Olympiad].

Following the success, I was invited to the Komarov school, where I was offered to teach robotics.

-Some of your inventions are not only of scientific, but also of social importance.  Tell us about them…

-From childhood,I was interested in the lives of people in wheelchairs and the problems of these people. I have friends, who use wheelchairs and together with them I have developed an electric wheel that weighs much less than other wheelchairs and thus makes it faster and easier to move. The wheelchair also has a touch screen system that allows blind people to use it.

Our [country’s] environmental is often not adapted for wheelchair users. We often see the cars parked on the wheelchair ramps or other wheelchair accessible spaces occupied by non-disabled users. In order to solve this problem, I have created a special device that is obstacles for vehicles and hinders them to occupy the parking lots, which are accessible for wheelchair users. You will need a special card to overcome this obstacle.

-What is your current job?

-I have students and teach them using innovative methods.  We work on various projects together and I help them to participate in Olympiads.

– I think the scientific field needs more careand support in our country. I try to promote the development of this field with my active work and to make it more interesting.

-What is your formula to success ?

-The motto of my life is behind all my successes and it helps me to overcome all difficulties – Nothing is Impossible!

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GEORGIATechnology

Alexander Kartveli – World Known Aircraft Designer and Pioneer of American Aviation

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“We have achieved to the point when the imagination, reinforced with the science and researches, is the most valuable thing”,- Alexander Kartvelishvili, 1960.

Alexandre Kartvelishvilil, one of the influential aircraft engineers and pioneers in American aviation history, who is known as Aleksandre Kartveli [Georgian], was born in Tbilisi, Georgia in the family of famous lawyer Mikheil Kartvelishvili on September 9, 1896.

He graduated from the gymnasium and the Junkers Military School in Tbilisi. The government of the independent Georgia sent him to France in 2019 for getting education. Kartvelishvili left for France together with his mother, while his father and a sister stayed in Georgia. The departure appeared to be everlasting since Kartvelishvili could not return to Georgia because of the Soviet occupation.

In 1922, after graduating from the Highest School of Aviation in Paris, he began working as a test pilot but was seriously injured during a test flight and his career as a pilot ended. In 1922–1927, he worked at the Louis Blériot Company and designed the Bernard and Ferbois aircraft. In 1927, the aircraft “Bernar-Ferbua V-2”, which was developed with participation of Alexandre Kartvelishvili, hit a world speed record.

Kartveli, together with French engineers, worked on the transatlantic giant 50- passenger aircraft for Paris-New York flights, but it required a lot of money and Kartvelishvili arrived in the US in the hope that there were more resources for development of his talent.

In 1927, American millionaire and aviation Maecenas Charles Levin invited Kartvelishvili to work in New York, and they jointly arranged to build the aircraft “Uncle Sam”.

Emigration was not easy for Kartvelishvili, after the Levin Company was bankrupted, the Georgian inventor remained without a source of income and had to work as a dish or car washer to make money.

Later, in 1931, he met with Tbilisi- born Alexander Severski, president and chief engineer of the company Seversky Aircraft Corporation, whose models became the predecessor of Kartvelishvili’s fighter aircraft. In 1939, the company named was changed to “Republic Aviacorporation” and Alexandre Kartvelishvili was appointed as the vice president and chief engineer of the company.

The “Tbilisian duet” became the main inspirator of American Air Force success during World War II. The most successful result of their joint work is the Republic P-47 “Thunderbolt”, which was one of the major airplanes of the United States Air Force and played a major role in the victory over Germany. The Georgia aviator managed to completely satisfy the requirements of President Roosevelt.

The Georgian engineer has received the US National Medal of Honor for great service in flight and aerospace industry. He was elected as an honorary member of many international aviation societies and the US Academy of Engineering.

Aleksande Kartvelishvili died in New York in 1974. He had not heirs. It is noteworthy that his nephew is a famous painter Dmitri Eristavi.

Author: Tamar Devdariani

Translation: Tamar Tabatadze

The Hall of Young Scientists & Analysts – “Doctrina”

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GEORGIAinnovationTechnology

“Learning Multimeters” – invention of Georgian eighth grade students for those who study electronics

„სასწავლო მულტიმეტრი“

The team of five eighth grade students of Komarovi Tbilisi physics and mathematics N199 public school are among the 20 finalists of 2017-2018 Millennium Innovation Competition of the “Millennium Challenge Foundation.” The team presented the project – “Learning Multimeter”.

“Doctrina” has interviewed Iakob Rigvava, one of the members of the team, about the invention.

-Iakob, what is the “learning multimeter?”

-There are electronics courses in our school, where we will learn the basic principles and elements of the electronics. We use „snap circuits” electronic kits in the learning process, but, unfortunately, there  are not good measurement devises for these kits. The available means are not accurate, they have limited range and are quite expensive. Based on it, we decided to develop the device combining a number of more accurate measuring tools.  The main goal was to develop the device that would be make the learning process easier. The device is for students, so it is easy to use and understand, unlike other multimeters, our device is equipped with two voltmeters, two amperometers, oscillograph (a device for observing and writing electrical processes) and signal generator. It has the ability to store and then schedule the data. There are two independent measuring channels, which allow us to measure voltage and power in two different areas of the  circuit. It is controlled by only three buttons and is adjusted to the training kit. The multimeter is built using a modern microcontroller. In addition to the production of equipment for our project, it was necessary to write a special program on the microcontroller and the whole team worked on it.

– What stages did the program underwent until the competition final?

– As you know, Georgia’s Millennium Innovation Competition aims to identify the three best teams of high school students representing innovative projects in the fields of technologies, engineering and natural sciences. Before the final we went two stages – we introduced the idea of ​​our project at the first stage, and then we had the initial presentation of the project to the jury members, for the final stage of the project we received a small grant and bough the necessary details.

– Who are the members of your team?

– We are the five-person team. One of the members of the team working on the project, Giorgi Chkhaidze, worked on the most difficult part of our device and managed the multi-meter to have the function of oscillograph. Our oscillography has 2 independent channels and it is a great opportunity for children to observe, measure and compare different signals. Another member of the team – Nika Svanidze worked mainly on the hardware part of the device, he drew the device’s schemes and helped us to construct the multimeter. The third member of the team – Mari Machaidze worked managed to make easy graphic representation of the collected data. The fourth student involved in the invention – Lela Khokhiashvili took care of the device’s interface.. As for me, I worked on measurement of quantities and data processing. My task was to get maximum accuracy of measurements. Irakli Khokhiashvili, teacher of the electronics courses, leads the team.

– How do you think, what is the future of your project?

-We had an initial presentation of our multimeters at the electronic classes.  We have just 3 pieces of multimeters and we must prepare at least 10 pieces before September. After improvement of some more issues, we are going to introduce the device into the educational process from September.

 

Author: Tamar Devdariani

Translation: Tamar Tabatadze

The Hall of Young Scientists & Analysts – “Doctrina”

 

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GEORGIAinnovationphysics

Distance measuring robot from Georgia – Invention by 13-year-old pupil  

გამოგოება ქუთაისი

Different expeditions, research works or construction activities require a great deal of caution because it is associated with many risks and threats. There is a great need for studying and exploring caves in historic city of Kutaisi. Pupils from the city have created a device, which is essential for their different types of research activities. The device was greatly appreciated and became the winner of the young inventors competition “Leonardo da Vinci” last year.

The distance measuring robot is a remote control robot created by Iona Iobadze and his partner Giorgi Urotadze. The device is controlled using tablet, phone or other electronic device.

The main feature of the invention is measurement of trajectory of curve, for example, the measurement of the circumference. The robot is controlled remotely, and therefore an observer who uses it at the heights, cave or other hazardous site, is absolutely protected from accident.

That’s why – the robot has a very practical use and has caused a lot of interest because of its many functions.

The inventor of the device is 13-year-old Iona Iobidze. He studies at Kutaisi Georgian-American School “Progress” and is interested in the scientific activities. He is fond of Maths, Chemistry and Physics. In his free time he listens to the music. Iona likes reading fantasy literature and is often involved in the intellectual game- “What? Where? When?”

The inventors had been working on the robot  prototype for almost one year along with Mentor David Songhulashvili and the STEM teacher Uta Kilasonia.

Iona Iobadze spoke difficulties of the working processes and his own projects in his interview with “Doctrina”.

-When and why did you get interested in scientific activities ?

2 years ago, STEM launched in “Progress” school. I  became interested in it and decided to join the courses. It helped me to realize myself and to implement the project idea in reality.

– Tell us about your invention and what are its functions?

The function of the invention is to measure any kind of distance with great accuracy, in the least amount of time without human resources and great energy.

Perhaps you have seen a group of architects in the streets who tried to measure some stretch of the street using a curvemeter. But it should be noted that doing it with a curvemeter takes a lot of energy and time. Our idea aims to simplify and reduce a physical labor of humans.

-What are the difficulties facing you during the working process?

Of course, there were some delays during the work, but these small delays did not stop the development of the project and achievement of the final result.

– What makes your invention unique?

The invention is unique as it’s much more developed than its predecessor. The robot is controlled remotely and can implement the function of curvemeter or other devices. It can map unexplored places (cave or crevices) simplifying the research process. At the same time, it will enusre avoiding the risk facing human life in certain situations. The robot can make the distance measuring process much more accurate, easier and safe for humans.

– What about your current projects and future plans?

– Yes, I work on several projects currently, but I refrain from disclosing information  at this stage.

Author: Ana Urushadze
Translation: Tamar Tabatadze
The Hall of Young Scientists & Analysts – “Doctrina”

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GEORGIAinnovationTechnology

17-year-old Georgian pupil claims to be able to control dreams

სიზმრები

Alexandre Tektumanidze is a 17-year-old pupil from Tbilisi, who has been famous for his love of technical subjects since childhood. Currently,  he is developing the device, which will enable people to control over their dreams. “Doctrina” has interviewed Alexandre about the innovative idea:

– Tell us about lucid dreams, please and when you got interested in this phenomenon?

– My friend tell me about  lucid dreams when I was the 8th grader.  A lucid dream is a dream in which the sleeper realizes that he’s dreaming and can control it. If we compare an ordinary dream to lucid one, we can say that if in the first case we look at it from a distance, like a film, in case of lucid dreams, we are part of our dream, just like in the video games.

– Currently, you work on the device that will allow us to control our dreams, tell us how will your device work?

– The dream is a good topic to discuss, but we can say briefly that in one of the phases of sleep – REM, humans see the dream. If by using an optimal irritant we inform them that they are sleeping, humans will be able to realize the dreams. Currently, I am conducting research to find optimal irritant and the methods of detecting REM phase.

-I managed to build my first device at on one of the Olympics- “Hackathon”. It was an  unpolished Beta version that was created for the presentation and not for use. And now, I try to make my idea a tangible reality.

– At first glance, you have a rather strange initiative, what is the impression of people when they learn about your project?

-The impressions are usually different. If a person has never seen such a dream so far, it is hard for him to believe that he can realize in the dream that he is dreaming. And for people who have experienced lucid dreaming, this idea is exciting because they know how good they feel in lucid dream.

– And what about your nearest future plans?

– I want to go to the university this year. If everything goes according to my plans, I will study at  Moscow Technical University “МФТИ” from September.  I’m going to graduate with a bachelor’s degree and then continue studying in Europe or America. I have not verified the future field of work since I have to choose between engineering, physics and programming.

 

Author: Tamar Devdariani

Translation: Tamar Tabatadze

The Hall of Young Scientists & Analysts – “Doctrina”

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GEORGIAinnovationTechnology

Young Georgian Inventor against the parking problem

გამოგონება

In general, safe movement and parking of vehicles is a complex problem facing all drivers at present time.

Apart from this, there is the problem of garages in Black Sea city of Batumi. After the local government made the decision to prohibit garages there, owners were forced to park their vehicles under the open sky.

Young inventors started taking care of this problem and they achieved a great success.

Mobile  garage – this is a very interesting and innovative project. The Batumian inventors have already patented the project and they are planning to start the mass production in the nearest future.

Time will show whether this invention solves the parking problem in the city or not, however, Giorgi Bobokhidze’s invention has already attracted a great attention and interest of the public.

Giorgi is 23 years old, he is graduated from Technological Faculty of Shota Rustaveli State University. The young inventor got interested in this field and innovative projects since school. Later, he, together with two other students, set up the “creative group” and started working on various scientific projects.

Giorgi is fond of a healthy lifestyle.  He has made triathlon his favorite hobby.

“Doctrina” has interviewed Giorgi Bobokhidze about inspiration of his scientific activity and difficulties in the working process:

-When did you come up with the idea to invent the mobile garage?

-In 2016, I came up with the idea to create any innovative product. The idea was driven by the prohibition of capital garages in the city. Drivers had to park their cars under the open sky. I decided to create a portable garage that would be mobile and would also protect vehicles from atmospheric sediments. In the same year, I patented this idea. As for the work process, we have created the first prototype, which took a lot of time and effort and showed a very successful result.

What difficulties did you face?

-There were a lot of difficulties, because we worked on the product that was unfamiliar and difficult for us. However, we were satisfied with the final result.

Why is your invention unique one?

– The uniqueness of my invention is indefinable for me, as for the author, because it is my first invention. Generally, it’s up to those people, who will get interested in the product and purchase it, to evaluate its uqueness and benefits.

-What about your future plans?

-I am working on a lot of projects, like this one and even, greater than it is. As for the future plans, I intend to make my company more successful.

 

 Author: Ana Urushadze

Translation: Tamar Tabatadze

The Hall of Young Scientists & Analysts – “Doctrina”

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BusinessGEORGIA

Georgian inventor Giorgi Machabeli’s perfume line in New York

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Georgian inventor, chemist and politician – Giorgi Machabeli  is known as The Prince George Matchabeli. His name is primarily connected with the a perfume line created in the United States, and due to it, he is often called “Princess of Fragrance”. Nephew of famous translator  Ivane Machabeli was buried in New York at Long Island Cemetery. As for the perfume line, created by him, it is one of the oldest and most demanding perfumes in America.

Giorgi Machabeli  was born in Tbilisi in 1885, Georgia, he was educated in the Tiflis College of Nobles and later in the Royal Academy at Berlin. After graduating from the Academy, Giorgi Machabeli worked throughout the world – sometimes as a sailor, sometimes a driver and a courier. Despite a wide range of interests, Machabeli was actively involved in political processes and since May 26 of 1918, after the state of Georgia was restored as a democratic republic, Giorgi Machabeli was the first secretary of the Embassy of Georgia in Italy,where he lived with his wife – the famous Italian actor – Norina Gilli.

Machabeli was a member of the noble family of Machabeli and a nephew of the writer Ivane Machabeli. He was one of the founding members of the Committee of Independent Georgia organized in Berlin in 1914. The Committee intended to garner the German support for Georgia’s struggle for independence from the Russian Empire.

 In 1922 Giorgi Machabeli  moved to the United States. He opened a small antique shop called “The Red and the Black”. Here the husband and wife sold antiques of all sorts: Persian rugs, furniture, Italian and Spanish brocade textiles, antique jewels, etc. However, later, when Giorgi Machabeli created his first perfume, named after his wife, Princess Norina, the perfumes outsold the antiques and Matchabeli grew.

In 1926, Machabeli founded the perfume line “Prince Matchabeli” in New York, “I’m creating a perfume for America and its Parisian prices have never been so acceptable here, but in fact, I’ve been in the field of chemistry whole life and was creating perfume, but only for my own pleasure. The demand for them was so great that I decided to turn it into business (Giorgi Machabeli, 1928).

Machabeli often came to the attention of the media. In 1930, The New-Yorker wrote that Giorgi Machabeli had a habit of being modest to women and if he noticed that any woman used inappropriate fragrance he sent one of his products to her. In the future, if he again  noticed that any of them still used the old fragrance, he told her jokingly- “You did not devote to me.”

Despite successful business activities, Machabeli actively continued his public activity and was one of the first initiators of the establishment of the Georgian Association in the United States, as it was known that Machabeli provided financial support not only to the  Association, but to all the needy Georgians in America. Giorgi Machabeli died of inflammation in 1931, shortly afterwards, his perfumery house was handed over to a private person, then to the “Vicks Chemical Company.” However, it is noteworthy that the last product of the Perfumer’s home was released in 2002 and its name is Prince Machabeli even on the modern market.

Author: Tamar Devdariani

Translation: Tamar Tabatadze

The Hall of Young Scientists & Analysts – “Doctrina”

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GEORGIAinnovationTechnology

Georgian Student who Develops Artificial Intelligence

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Levan Abuladze is the first year student of the Business Administration at the University of Business and Technologies and works on the artificial intelligence project together with the university team. Levan talked about the details of the project and his future plans in an interview with “Doctrina”.

-Levan, what about the project on artificial intelligence you are working on?

– Since September 2017, Rector of Business and Technology University, Mikheil Batiashvili has launched a project aimed at creating an integrated artificial intelligence in education. Mikheil Batiashvili and I continued to work on the project and with the help of HP’s high-tech laboratory, we created artificial intelligence and taught it different business administration. The purpose of intellect was to assist the lecturer. We involved the AI in the learning process, and it has successfully coped with its duties.

-What was  the response to the artificial intelligence created by you?

-In January of 2018, we presented the artificial intelligence to London Education and Technology Exhibition, where it was highly appreciated by experts. This is a long project aimed at maximizing artificial intelligence in human activities. It will simplify education and business activities by interacting with people.

– At this moment there is a great interest and I am creating artificial intelligence for the National Center of Education. The AI enables entrants to obtain information on the exams. At the same time, I am starting to work in a very important field from April. We will develop the artificial intelligence aiming to educate people on medical issues, to introduce a healthy lifestyle and to help in diagnosticating and correct treatment.

-When did you get interested in this field? and why?

– I shave had a great interest in technology from early age. Every day I observed the development process, and I got interested in artificial intelligence and started to study creating it.

Artificial intelligence, this is the technology of the future. In general, when we talk about artificial intelligence, we can consider it as “digital immortality” that gives ideas and knowledge possibility to exist constantly. Nowadays, it can not solve complex issues, but has the ability to solve a particular problem. In fact, artificial intelligence is the future technology of human, which has a great role in the development of humanity.

-What about your future plans?

-As for the future plans, cooperation with TBC Bank is planned. AI will be developed, which will be aware of many financial and business terminologies. It will be able to retrain employees. All this will be a big step forward. In general, I have a desire to introduce artificial intelligence in all areas. I believe that I will contribute to the development of humanity through my work.

 

 

Author: Tamar Devdariani

Translation: Tamar Tabatadze

The Hall of Young Scientists & Analysts – “Doctrina”

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