One of the famous philosophers Savle Tsereteli was born on February 1, 1901 in the village of Jvarisa, Ambrolauri district of Racha region. He received his elementary education in the village. In 1930 he graduated from Tbilisi State University, and in 1934 he completed his postgraduate studies in the history of philosophy. During the period from 1948 to1953 and from 1957 to 1960 he served as the director of the Institute of Philosophy at the Georgian Academy of Sciences. He was a versatile researcher, a scientist with a wide range of knowledge, but his merits are especially important in the field of dialectical logic. Savle Tsereteli’s work Dialectical Logic, known as the Theory of Infinite Conclusion, is the only serious study in Soviet philosophical literature. He served the Georgian science for 35 years. In 1977 he was awarded the Georgian State Prize for his work “Dialectical Logic”. He has been awarded the Order of the Red Flag, the Red Star, the Order of the Second Degree of the Patriotic War, and etc. He believed that logic can only be of one kind – a dialectical logic, the lower level of which is a formal logic. Mathematical logic is a mathematical discipline. Dialectical logic is a part of an ontological science. Formal logic is a finite logic, while a dialectical logic is an infinite logic, which is realized by means of general concepts-categories – and is of substantive character. There are two types of categories: logical categories and categories of logical. It is impossible to reject the categories of logical, since its denial, at the same time, justifies it. Dialectical logic is built on these types of categories. He defines the subject of dialectical logic as follows: “Logic is the science about the unbiased forms of movement and development of ideas.” Savle Tsereteli dedicated many researches and monographs to substantiate this opinion.
Translation: Tamar Tabatadze
The Hall of Young Scientists & Analysts – “Doctrina”