Successful Georgian in US – Real Estate Agent Luka Dvali

We would like to introduce you to Georgian emigrant, Luka Dvali, who has been living in the United States since 2016 and is already a successful licensed real estate agent.


How long have you been working in the US and what was your initial purpose?

I have been in the US since September 2016 and I knew from the very first day of arrival that I should definitely study here. Studying was the top reason why I came here.

As we know you are a licensed real estate agent in New York. What sparked your interest in this profession?


I achieved my goal and earned a bachelor’s degree in political science in a year,  but later I realized that I wanted to try myself in more interesting field. A profession that would show me a lifestyle and connect me with more people. At the same time, I realized that office work and daily routines were not close to me. I started looking for something new and when I got acquainted with this profession I liked it because I love to communicate with people, meet new people. I underwent the courses, got a license in a few months, and  soon after getting the license I started working for one of the most successful companies in Manhattan.


Is this job in high demand in the US? Is the process of obtaining a license difficult and is it easy to  find a job?


This profession is really in a high demand in the US. Obtaining a license is possible through passing the exam, which, to my mind, is not difficult, you undergo appropriate courses, pass exams and in a few months it is already possible to become a licensed agent. The process is not really difficult and it is easy to find a job.


The biggest challange begins afterwards as you have to use everything to be the best and compete with others. New York can easily help you in finding a job, but the hardest part is the work process. You have to put all your energy into getting the best results.


What are the qualities a real estate agent should have in order to be successful and competitive in this field?


I think the main thing in all professions is diligence and purposefulness, but in addition to that I would add originality, communicability. You have to be different to offer a high level of service to the customers, you should make people like you in order to build relationships with them. All this helps you to become competitive and successful.


Did you face any difficulties due to the Covid-19 pandemic?

The time of the pandemic was really a static period. For some time the city was almost empty, many people left New York and moved to a relatively safe place to live. Accordingly, selling, buying or renting properties stopped. The last six months have been relatively active and we are getting back to normal.


Finally, what are your future plans and do you plan to return back to Georgia?


I do not like to talk about my future plans in advance, but I have large-scale plans. I want to be one of the most successful in this field and make changes. I plan returning back to Georgia, not forever at this time, but I will definitely return.


Translation: Tamar Tabatadze

The Hall of Young Scientists & Analysts – “Doctrina”

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Savle Tsereteli’s “Dialectical Logic”- the only serious research in Soviet philosophical literature

One of the famous philosophers Savle Tsereteli was born on February 1, 1901 in the village of Jvarisa, Ambrolauri district of Racha region. He received his elementary education in the village. In 1930 he graduated from Tbilisi State University, and in 1934 he completed his postgraduate studies in the history of philosophy. During the period from 1948 to1953 and from 1957 to 1960 he served as the director of the Institute of Philosophy at the Georgian Academy of Sciences. He was a versatile researcher, a scientist with a wide range of knowledge, but his merits are especially important in the field of dialectical logic. Savle Tsereteli’s work Dialectical Logic, known as the Theory of Infinite Conclusion, is the only serious study in Soviet philosophical literature. He served the Georgian science for 35 years. In 1977 he was awarded the Georgian State Prize for his work “Dialectical Logic”. He has been awarded the Order of the Red Flag, the Red Star, the Order of the Second Degree of the Patriotic War, and etc. He believed that logic can only be of one kind – a dialectical logic, the lower level of which is a formal logic. Mathematical logic is a mathematical discipline. Dialectical logic is a part of an ontological science. Formal logic is a finite logic, while a dialectical logic is an infinite logic, which is realized by means of general concepts-categories – and is of substantive character. There are two types of categories: logical categories and categories of logical. It is impossible to reject the categories of logical, since its denial, at the same time,  justifies it. Dialectical logic is built on these types of categories. He defines the subject of dialectical logic as follows: “Logic is the science about the unbiased forms of movement and development of ideas.” Savle Tsereteli dedicated many researches and monographs to substantiate this opinion.

Translation: Tamar Tabatadze

The Hall of Young Scientists & Analysts – “Doctrina”

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Constantin Sidamon-Eristavi – only Georgian vice-mayor of New York City

Constantin Sidamon-Eristavi (Connie) served as the vice-mayor of the world’s largest city – New York in 1967-1973. Famous politician and environmentalist was born abroad and grew up there but kept up Georgian customs and traditions throughout his life.

Constantine Sidamon-Eristavi was born on June 28, 1930 in New York. He is a descendant of an aristocratic family. His father, Svimon (Siko) Sidamon-Eristavi, was a colonel and served in the army of the Russian Empire. He returned to his homeland in 1918 and continued his military career in the Georgian Army under the same title. After Georgia’s occupation by Russia in 1921, he emigrated to America. There he married Anne Bigelow Tracy, a daughter of the US ambassador to France.

The couple had two children – Constantine and Anna.

He graduated from Columbia and Princeton Universities. He was awarded a bronze star while serving in the Army in Korea. After graduating, he launched his own law firm, providing legal advice to the Georgian emigrants and assisted them in finding jobs.


Georgians and Caucasians often gathered at the restaurant “Caucasus Eagle” opened in the best part of New York by Svimon. Svimon, along with Georgian ambassador to Italy Giorgi Machabeli and Georgian community chairman and pianist Irakli Orbeliani, founded a Caucasian holiday home “Alaverdi”, located 100 kilometers away from New York. “Alaverdi” has become the place of not only rest and relaxation, but also for forging of bonds of friendship between Caucasians. After the death of Svimon Sidamon-Eristavi (1964), his son Constantine took over the management of the holiday home and the Alaverdi Society, and his wife became a secretary. Constantine Sidamon-Eristavi attended the Milbrook School. He graduated from Princeton University with a degree in Mining Engineering. He served in the Army, participated in the Korean War, for which he earned a bronze star. After serving in the military, he graduated from Columbia University, Faculty of Law in 1957, then served in a law firm and later, he, together with his sister Anna Sidamon-Eristavi (who was also a lawyer) launched his own law firm. After President Kennedy’s assassination, he became a member of a Republican Party and quickly rose through the political ranks.


In 1965, Constantine Sidamon-Eristavi led the campaign of Republican candidate John Lindsay for New York City mayoral elections. After winning the elections, Lindsay appointed him as an assistant in the field of transport. Thus, Constantine Sidamon-Eristavi became a vice-mayor of the world’s largest city New York. He held this post for a long time, under three governments, and played a significant role in governing the city. From 1989 to 1993, he headed the New York Regional Environmental Protection Agency.


The former vice-mayor of New York City has visited Georgia several times with his children. Through his initiative and efforts, the American humanitarian organization American Friends of Georgia was founded in 1994. Its board of directors is currently  chaired by Simon Sidamon-Eristavi, Connie’s eldest son. A lot of humanitarian, educational, and medical programs have been funded through American Friends of Georgia. Connie Eristavi was fully involved in all educational, medical or social assistance projects. Constantine Sidamon-Eristavi, who was born and raised abroad, highly respected Georgian customs. When Connie was attending various events of the Georgian community, he always wore traditional Georgian clothing – Chokha. Constantine Sidamon-Eristavi  died in the United States in January of 2012 at the age of 81.

Translation: Tamar Tabatadze

The Hall of Young Scientists & Analysts – “Doctrina”

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Mr. Mamuka, justify my trust and enter the Parliament, please – Giorgi Mikanadze

Lecturer, business and success coach and civil society activist Giorgi Mikanadze currently live in the U.S., responded to the country’s ongoing political processes in Georgia. In the letter, published on his Facebook page, Giorgi Mikanadze calls on confident political leaders to enter the Parliament and respect the voters’ trust. Giorgi Mikanadze has been living in New York for the last few years and seldom makes public statements about the country’s ongoing processes. “Doctrina” would like to offer a complete text of

Giorgi Mikanadze’s Facebook post:

I declare publicly and do not hide; I participated in [Georgia’s] 2020 elections from New York City. I voted for Mamuka Khazaradze and his party Lelo Georgia. I know this person personally, we have had a conversation in his office, and despite a lot of criticism, I do not doubt his dignity and aspirations. It was my attitude towards him, which encouraged me to vote for this man. Initially, I was an active supporter of the Georgian Dream after the National Movement deadlocked and there was no other way. Of course, I was a supporter of the National Movement when they came into power, even though I was just a student at the time. Of course, I appreciate the values ​​and gains that Shevardnadze’s government has brought to our people and country. I mean tamping down the political tension and forming the state institutions, determining the international stance. Of course, I realize the dedication of great people Merab Kostava and Zviad Gamsakhurdia and their generation to our country’s statehood.

Although in recent years, during my stay in the country, I used to express my positions actively. I did not shy away from bold assessments of the “Georgian Dream” or other Political Movements Parties in the country. I always expressed my opinion both positively and negatively – any political force has never bought me off. I have never received any privileges or interests in any direction. I had offers to start my political activism in the country. I have my plan, idea and I hope to succeed. Today, absolutely every aspect of my success, education, experience, new contacts, and opportunities I’m connecting to my country, my people, and the environment in which I live now. I guess this is normal for me and probably for any citizen of any country. Considering the facts mentioned above, Mr. Mamuka, I urge you to take up your mandate, received from me, and enter the Parliament, please. I call on you to join the Parliament and end these disgraceful processes in the country and convince other colleagues to do the same. Maybe you can sit down and discuss what would be the most optimal way to use it. I surely know that you are ashamed to be associated with some people, be honest with society, and get results. The events are seen and evaluated entirely differently from the outside. We need political maturity, and I hope you will justify my confidence and contribute to this crucial country’s crucial process. I mean moving from emotions to mind management processes and achieving thoughtful positioning in a global context quickly.


Giorgi Mikanadze

New York City, USA



Translation: Tamar Tabatadze

The Hall of Young Scientists & Analysts – “Doctrina”

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Georgians who created 5 sectors in the United States

What did Georgians create for the United States in the 20 th century?

In 1955, the number of first- (1921-1939) and second-wave (1945-1950) of Georgian immigrants in the United States did not exceed 300, although even this small diaspora had a major impact on the entire US military or civilian life. First of all, we would like to name the Georgians who created 5 sectors in the United States :

Giorgi Balanchivadze, also known as George Balanchine (1904-1983), was an American-Georgian ballet master, the founder of the United States National Classical Ballet. He is recognized worldwide as the greatest choreographer of modern times.

Alexandre Kartvelishvili, also known as Alexander Kartvelishvili (1896-1974) – Founder of the United States Military Aviation. While studying at the Faculty of Aviation Engineering in Paris, one of the planes he created (Bernar-Februa V-2) broke the record for the world’s fastest plane. His name is also associated with the creation of the first metal aircraft (P-35) and most importantly, development of the bomber – Republic P-47 Thunderbolt – which gave the US victory in World War II and which is still considered exemplary in the world military aviation. Alexandre Kartvelishvili has been awarded the US National Medal of Science for his contribution to the history of aviation.

Prince Giorgi Machabeli (1885-1935) – Founder of the perfume industry in the United States. He founded the Great Perfume Society in the US in the 1920s. He was a chemist, as well as was engaged in political activities. He became known in the US as the Prince of Perfumery, hence he was called  Prince Giorgi Machabeli

Grigol Kobakhidze, also known as George Coby (1883-1967) – he has developed the United States glass medicine industry, Christmas tree glass candles and started production of Christmas tree toys. He opened his own factory in 1919 in Massachusetts. In 1922, he revived his own enterprise – Coby Grass Products Company, which has been operating since that time. Up to 70 inventions and unique patents introduced by its founder – Giorgi Kobakhidze made the company more valuable and prestigious. For example, he invented waterproof cement and a super-resistant glass block. He was the first Georgian multimillionaire in the US. He also created chemical-filled electric candles that replaced the real, fire risk candles that Americans had previously lit on Christmas trees. ” Coby – this is Christmas” was written on Christmas tree toys.

Constantine “Connie” Sidamon-Eristavi, (1930-2012) – Georgian Vice-Mayor of New York. This is how he is described in the New York Times: “He was one of those leaders who was both an effective ruler and a very popular leader. A worthy man with an impeccable reputation, with perfect logical skills.”

According to Mr. Riley, “it is Connie Eristavi’s merit that today New York is supplied with clean water and not only water but also land, soil and the whole environment are protected in its surroundings.” Projects approved under his patronage are still working in the city. Constantine Eristavi founded the famous organization “American Friends of Georgia” in 1994, which has provided great assistance to our nation in the field of education, medicine and humanitarian aid, and this assistance continues until now.

Translation: Tamar Tabatadze

The Hall of Young Scientists & Analysts – “Doctrina”

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“You will often find Georgia’s effect in my bouquets” – the story of a Georgian florist working in France

Floristry is a real art and it not only creates the pieces of art, but also fills people’s hearts with incredible inspiration.

No event is perfect without the a florist’s work: composing a bouquet, decorating a hall, creating a flower arch is quite a difficult and responsible work.

Florists decorate not only celebration events and holidays, but they also make everyday life much more beautiful. has interviewed emigrant Beka Tsertsvadze, 21, living in Paris, France, who is quite a successful florist.

When did you start a floristy business?

I started a floristy business in the spring of 2019. Here, when you are at school, you can also be employed.

Does one needs a special knowledge and skills in order to become a florist?

Just the knowledge gained in school is not enough to become a florist. It is necessary to enjoy by taking care of plants and flowers. Matching colors and harmonizing flowers can be done without any knowledge. One can study technical aspects in the school, the rest is in the hands of the florist himself.

Tell us about your life story

Before moving to France, I studied journalism at the University of Georgia. I left for Paris in 2018, hoping to return to Georgia soon, but I fell in love with this city so much that I decided to stay and change something in my life.

What was your motivation for starting the business you have succeeded in?

My main motivation was the desire to be in contact with nature every day, at the same time, it is very interesting to work with flowers, many things can be done, there are endless ideas, it never ends! The most interesting thing for me is that when you create a composition of any flower, you know that it will be withered in a few days and will no longer have the same effect, it is not a painting that will always be with you. So you again want to create different compositions that you can enjoy for a few days as much as possible.

Briefly describe your first steps on the road to success, what kind of obstacles did you face?

Flowers are very important in France. People consider them art pieces. The combination of the bouquet and vase is also very important thing; France has a long history in this regard. There are different types of vases with their own glorious histories and eras. My obstacle on the road to success was my lack of knowledge in the types and histories of vases, but now that is already part of the experience.

What is the biggest fear you have overcome?

It was my age. In general, when you try to cope with a difficult task people may look at you skeptically until they see the results. Initially, I thought I would find it difficult to gain reputation in France, but on the contrary, I found it easier. Georgian culture and vision turned out to be very interesting for them and it encouraged me to merge the Georgian culture with French one. Because of this, you will often find bunches and branches of grapes, Georgia’s effect in my bouquets.

As it is known, you run a successful business. So I would like to ask you, what is success for you?

For me, success is when you realize that you are happy with what you are doing and that you enjoy going to work every morning.

Do you think about returning to your homeland and continuing your activities in Georgia?

At this stage it is very difficult to think about it, but I know that I will definitely return to bring my little experience to Georgia!

What would you recommend to those who want to succeed?

I would advise them never to give up, to believe that they will make all their dreams true. I advise them to follow their wishes and they will surely find a place where they can feel successful. I was very naughty and I was often told that I was dreaming in vain and I had to start thinking seriously about my future. My dreams sounded very unreal to others.

Translation: Tamar Tabatadze

The Hall of Young Scientists & Analysts – “Doctrina”

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5 oldest artifacts from Georgia that changed the world history !

Everyone is well aware of the fact that Georgia is the hearth of ancient civilization and culture. This is evidenced by the many discoveries made in recent years, and the world’s leading scientists firmly acknowledge the important role of our country in the world history. Along with many unique discoveries, the five most important discoveries have been made in recent years, which have radically changed the history of the world and highlighted the importance of Georgia’s role.

  1. Remains of 1.8 million-year-old ancient humans

Georgia is the homeland of the first European! Yes, it is! The cradle of all Europeans was once in Georgia and the first Europeans left our territory and moved to the west. A sensational discovery was made in the 90s of the last century – the bones of a man and a woman, which are 1.8 million years old! Scientists have called Homo georgicus Zezva and Mzia and proved that we are dealing with the oldest representatives of the remains found outside Africa.

It is from this discovery that we can boldly assert and be proud – European civilization originates in Georgia!

  1. The first ever thread in the world – 34 thousand years old – has been fund in Georgia

Somewhere in the Paleolithic times, on the territory of the western part of modern Georgia, a human being invented the thread. From today’s perspective it is a very ordinary and simple invention, but еthen it was vital to ancient human beings. Using thread, humans have improved their clothing and footwear, which has doubled their chances of survival. Until now, the oldest known thread had been found in Czech Republic and it was made of nettle. But the Georgian linen thread, discovered in 2007, is almost 5 000 years older than the Czech one!

  1. The world’s oldest wine – 8 thousand years old

Georgia is the homeland of wine! In 2017, archaeologists discovered the evidence of the world’s oldest wine. Science Alert has reported that the discovery dates back 8000 years, which means that the wine is almost twice as old compared to the wine, discovered in Iran, which was the oldest known wine, dating back 5000 years. This incredible discovery belongs to researchers at the University of Toronto and the Georgian National Museum. It is noteworthy that the wine has been discovered in the fragments of ancient clay vessels. Debris containing wine droplets was found near Shulaveri Hill near Tbilisi. Lab tests have shown they are wine droplets, which means that we are dealing with a sensational discovery – the oldest wine of the world has been found in Georgia!

  1. The oldest gold mine in the world – 6 thousand years old

It could not be surprising, since Georgia is the country of Golden Fleece, Colchis was actually a real country located in the western side of modern Georgia. These facts are evidenced by the recent years’ discoveries. The unique gold items found in Vani and the Sakdrisi mine confirm that the Georgian goldsmith’s work played an important role in ancient civilizations. Direct connections of Georgian culture with Egypt have also been evidenced.

  1. Metallurgy and smith craft – 5 thousand years ago

To the question about the place where the metallurgy was invented, the archeologists name Western Asia and India as the cradle, where people actively used iron tools in 2nd-1st millenniums BC.

But the Bible mentions that the inventors of metallurgy and smith craft are the representatives of an ancient Georgian tribe called Tubals. The tools made by these people were spread throughout Assyria, Mesopotamia and Greece. This opinion can be observed in ancient myths as well: a Georgian superhero Amirani was the son of Dali, the goddess of hunt and an ordinary, mortal man. According to a legend, Amirani taught the people how to forge iron.

It’s also worth to mention that not far from the resort town of Borjomi, in southern Georgia, the archaeologists have found ancient clay pots with the remains of honey in them. They are about 5.5 thousand years old, almost 20 centuries older than the honey found in Tutankhamun’s grave.

Translation: Tamar Tabatadze

The Hall of Young Scientists & Analysts – “Doctrina”

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Georgian man,who invented first multifunctional calculator, and lost device in Russia

Many people may know Georgian mathematician, metallurgist and sportsman – Giorgi Nikoladze. However, not everyone knows about his world-wide invention.

Giorgi Nikoladze, who was born in the family of Niko Nikoladze, a well-known Georgian public figure, was born in Didi Jikhaishi and died at the age of 42.

After graduating from the Kutaisi Gymnasium in 1861, Nikoladze continued his studies at the Faculty of Law of St. Petersburg University and actively participated in demonstrations in 1861, for which he was arrested and expelled from the university.

He initiated the idea of ​​creating the first gymnastics community in Tbilisi in 1918, and he established the term “gymnastics” in the Georgian reality. In the same year, Nikoladze started working for the Ministry of Trade and Industry, but soon left his job and became the head of the Faculty of Natural Sciences at Tbilisi State University.

Nikoladze was fluent in English, French and German along with Russian, which made it even more easier for him to travel freely abroad and cooperate with foreign editions.

In 1926-1928, Nikoladze went abroad for two years to defend his thesis and inspected the first electric calculators exhibited in Paris. The self-taught mathematician came up with the idea of ​​creating an electric calculator that could perform addition, subtraction, multiplication and division operations.

Despite many offers, Giorgi decided to return to his homeland and to realize his invention here. But the only thing that we know about that period is that his first model was exhibited at Moscow University until 1936, although his fate is unknown.

It is interesting to mention that Nikoladze had a penchant for geometry and mathematics since childhood, but he has not passed any special training program in this field, which surprises us even more. He was fascinated by poetry and wrote numerous works. In addition, he gave us an in-depth analysis of the artistic work of Ilia Chavchavadze and Grigol Orbeliani.

Nikoladze died of bilateral croupous pneumonia. Unfortunately, the exact date of his death is in question, according to some reports, he died in 1928.  “Great people must not be neglected,” said Niko Lortkipanidze, and it is unfortunate that so little attention is paid to the distinguished figures of different eras, whose names are forgotten.

Translation: Tamar Tabatadze

The Hall of Young Scientists & Analysts – “Doctrina”

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Georgian inventor’s successful perfume line in New York

Georgian inventor, chemist and politician, Giorgi Machabeli, is known worldwide as The Prince George Matchabeli and his name is associated with the perfume line developed in the United States, which is why he is often referred to as the “Princess of Perfumes”. The nephew of the famous translator Ivane Machabeli is buried in the Long Island Cemetery in New York, and the perfume line created by him remains one of the oldest and the most demanded perfume products in America.

Giorgi Machabeli was born in 1885 in Tbilisi and educated at the nobiliary gymnasium. He continued his studies at the Berlin Mining Academy, and after graduating from the academy, Giorgi Machabeli traveled throughout the whole world – sometimes he was a sailor, sometimes a driver and sometimes – a  courier. Despite a wide range of interests, Machabeli was actively involved in political processes, too and since May 26 of 1918, after the restoration of the Georgian state as a democratic republic, Giorgi Machabeli was the first secretary of the Georgian embassy in Italy, where he lived with his wife – the famous Italian actress – Norina Jill.

In 1922, Machabel moved to the United States and opened an antique shop in New York, named “Red and Black” after Stendhal’s novel, where the couple sold a variety of antiques, including Persian  carpets, furniture, Italian and Spanish jewelry. However, later, when he released his first perfume – “Princess Norina” dedicated to his wife, his success overshadowed the antiques business, which pushed Machabeli to take a serious interest in perfume production.

Machabeli launched the Prince Matchabeli perfume line in New York in 1926.

“I make perfumes for America, the Parisian prices of which have never been so acceptable here before, but, in fact, I spent my whole life in the field of chemistry creating perfumes, but just for my own pleasure, however the demand for them was so great that I decided to turn it into business.” (George Machabeli, 1928).

Machabeli was often in the media spotlight, The New-Yorker reported in the 1930s that he used to politely hinting  to women if he noticed that they were using an inappropriate perfume and sent one of his products to them showing his respect. In the future, if he noticed that one of those women was still using the old perfume, he jokingly said, “you have not been loyal to me.”

Despite his successful business activities, Machabeli continued to be active in the public sphere and he was one of the first initiators of the establishment of the Georgian community in the United States. Giorgi Machabeli died of pneumonia in 1931, after which his perfume house was first handed over to a physical person and then to the Vicks Chemical Company, although the last product of the perfume house was released in 2002 and still bears the name of Prince Machabeli on the market.

Translation: Tamar Tabatadze

The Hall of Young Scientists & Analysts – “Doctrina”

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Georgian dance granted status of monument of intangible cultural heritage

Georgian dance has been granted the status of a monument of intangible cultural heritage by the order of the National Agency for Cultural Heritage Preservation of Georgia, issued on September 2. The order is signed by Nikoloz Antidze, General Director of the Agency.

“The Information Systems Service of the National Agency for Cultural Heritage Preservation of Georgia should be instructed to reflect the data of the monument in the State Register of Monuments.

Instruct the Legal Service of the Agency to post the relevant measures on the website of the Ministry of Education, Science, Culture and Sports of Georgia within one month after the enactment of this order,”- reads the order.

Last year, Georgian folk dances were included in the list of French intangible cultural heritage monuments.

Translation: Tamar Tabatadze

The Hall of Young Scientists & Analysts – “Doctrina”

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